Atlantic Salmon Moratorium – Canada Gulf Region

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Canada’s Department of Fisheries and Oceans recently announced new conservation measures for Atlantic salmon recreational angling throughout the Gulf region, in 2015.

For conservation reasons, there will be no retention of Atlantic salmon in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia this year. Anglers will continue to be able to fish salmon as a catch-and-release fishery only.

This measure has already been in place in Prince Edward Island and on some parts of the Miramichi river system and will be extended to all scheduled waters of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia where salmon angling was already permitted.

Additionally, anglers will be required to use artificial flies with a single barbless hook during the salmon angling season.

The new conservation measures are supported by key stakeholders, including the Atlantic Salmon Federation, the New Brunswick Salmon Council, the Nova Scotia Salmon Association, and the Miramichi Salmon Association, who petitioned the Department for a one-year moratorium on the issuance of tags.

In recent years, annual counts of salmon indicated some of the lowest returns on record for many rivers, including the Miramichi and the Restigouche rivers.

In Eastern Canada, total abundance of Atlantic salmon at sea prior to marine exploitation was as high as 1.7 million fish in the mid-1970s, but is presently about 600 000 fish, a decline of 69% over 42 years.

On March 9, Minister Shea launched the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Atlantic Salmon. The mandate of the Committee is to focus on conservation and enforcement measures, predation, strategy to address international, unsustainable fishing, and focused areas for advancing science.

The Committee has so far held meetings in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick and will produce a report at the end of the consultation period. However, considering the urgent need to make management decisions for the 2015 angling season, the Minister asked the Chair to produce interim recommendations.

source: Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans Gulf Region