Flathead catfish have a head that appears flattened. They are a yellowish color mottled with brown and green and their lower jaw extends beyond the upper jaw. Other identifying features include an unforked tail, very small eyes, lack of scales and the “cat-like” barbels on their mouths that look like cat whiskers.
They can reach a weight up to 125 lb., although less than 30 lb. is typical. They like deep, murky pools with some current and rocky, rubble-bottom areas with holes.
Smaller flathead catfish are often caught with nightcrawlers or other common catfish baits. Larger fish are said to prefer live baits such as minnows, chubs, herring, shad, sunfish or crayfish.
Flatheads are also caught by alternative fishing methods, especially noodling.